The Transparency International 1998 Corruption Perceptions Index
Country Rank Country 1998 CPI Score Standard Deviation Surveys Used
1 Denmark 10.0 0.7 9
2 Finland 9.6 0.5 9
3 Sweden 9.5 0.5 9
4 New Zealand 9.4 0.7 8
5 Iceland 9.3 0.9 6
6 Canada 9.2 0.5 9
7 Singapore 9.1 1.0 10
8 Netherlands 9.0 0.7 9
Norway 9.0 0.7 9
10 Switzerland 8.9 0.6 10
11 Australia 8.7 0.7 8
Luxembourg 8.7 0.9 7
United Kingdom 8.7 0.5 10
14 Ireland 8.2 1.4 10
15 Germany 7.9 0.4 10
16 Hong Kong 7.8 1.1 12
17 Austria 7.5 0.8 9
United States 7.5 0.9 8
19 Israel 7.1 1.4 9
20 Chile 6.8 0.9 9
21 France 6.7 0.6 9
22 Portugal 6.5 1.0 10
23 Botswana 6.1 2.2 3
Spain 6.1 1.3 10
25 Japan 5.8 1.6 11
26 Estonia 5.7 0.5 3
27 Costa Rica 5.6 1.6 5
28 Belgium 5.4 1.4 9
29 Malaysia 5.3 0.4 11
Namibia 5.3 1.0 3
Taiwan 5.3 0.7 11
32 South Africa 5.2 0.8 10
33 Hungary 5.0 1.2 9
Mauritius 5.0 0.8 3
Tunisia 5.0 2.1 3
36 Greece 4.9 1.7 9
37 Czech Republic 4.8 0.8 9
38 Jordan 4.7 1.1 6
39 Italy 4.6 0.8 10
Poland 4.6 1.6 8
41 Peru 4.5 0.8 6
42 Uruguay 4.3 0.9 3
43 South Korea 4.2 1.2 12
Zimbabwe 4.2 2.2 6
45 Malawi 4.1 0.6 4
46 Brazil 4.0 0.4 9
47 Belarus 3.9 1.9 3
Slovak Republic 3.9 1.6 5
49 Jamaica 3.8 0.4 3
50 Morocco 3.7 1.8 3
51 El Salvador 3.6 2.3 3
52 China 3.5 0.7 10
Zambia 3.5 1.6 4
54 Turkey 3.4 1.0 10
55 Ghana 3.3 1.0 4
Mexico 3.3 0.6 9
Philippines 3.3 1.1 10
Senegal 3.3 0.8 3
59 Ivory Coast 3.1 1.7 4
Guatemala 3.1 2.5 3
61 Argentina 3.0 0.6 9
Nicaragua 3.0 2.5 3
Romania 3.0 1.5 3
Thailand 3.0 0.7 11
Yugoslavia 3.0 1.5 3
66 Bulgaria 2.9 2.3 4
Egypt 2.9 0.6 3
India 2.9 0.6 12
69 Bolivia 2.8 1.2 4
Ukraine 2.8 1.6 6
71 Latvia 2.7 1.9 3
Pakistan 2.7 1.4 3
73 Uganda 2.6 0.8 4
74 Kenya 2.5 0.6 4
Vietnam 2.5 0.5 6
76 Russia 2.4 0.9 10
77 Ecuador 2.3 1.5 3
Venezuela 2.3 0.8 9
79 Colombia 2.2 0.8 9
80 Indonesia 2.0 0.9 10
81 Nigeria 1.9 0.5 5
Tanzania 1.9 1.1 4
83 Honduras 1.7 0.5 3
84 Paraguay 1.5 0.5 3
85 Cameroon 1.4 0.5 4

How to Read the Chart

The rank relates solely to the results drawn from a number of surveys and reflects only the perceptions of business people that participated in these surveys.

The column 1998 CPI Score relates to perceptions of the degree of which corruption is seen by business people--a perfect 10.00 would be a totally corruption-free country.

Standard Deviation indicates differences in the values of the sources for the 1998 index: the greater the variance, the greater the differences of perceptions of a country among the sources.

The number of surveys used had to be at least 4 for a country to be included in the CPI.

Transparency International & Dr. Johann Graf Lambsdorff, 1997